Simplified relative of Xema
Two vowels can't follow each other (sénsa tha alén becomes sénsa th'alén)
While Xema was spoken for a long time among the Elvish upperclass, it was not suited for simple everyday use. Bys-sáma ("New Xema") developed from informal Xema and ultimately became the most widely-spoken language throughout the Tippan Empire.
Bys-sáma brought with it a sound shift that gave the language a rougher sound in comparison to its softer predecessor.
- Bys-sáma loses Xema's overly complicated pronoun system but retains some aspects.
- Bys-sáma also loses all cases except for object di- (combining accusative and dative), genitive ti-, and instrumental ni-.
topic of discussion*
- Infinitive have no specific suffix and tense is simply added to the infinitive.
- Don't conjugate according to person (eg. xalthasu salwin, "I am"; xalthasu sidurn, "they are").
- A negative is indicated by a ko- prefix, retained from Xema.
|-su||present||śaltsu alyn, "I am"|
|-śe||near future||śaltśe alyn, "I will be soon"|
|-tú||distant future||śaltú alyn, "I will be one day"|
|-né||near past||śaltné alyn, "I was recently"|
|-to||distant past||śalto alyn, "I was long ago"|
|-be||present conditional||śaltbe alyn, "I would be"|
|-nab||past conditional||śaltnab alyn, "I would have been"|
|-ma||present progressive||śaltma alyn, "I am being"|
|-tema||future progressive||śaltema alyn, "I will be being"|
|-nama||past progressive||śaltnama, "I was being"|
English: Did they see us?
Bys-sáma: ham nakéné dún dimén
Transliteration: question see.past they(BASIC) accusative.us(BASIC)
English: We made it for you (superior).
Bys-sáma: kúnané disat má ǵant mén
Transliteration: make.past accusative.it(TOPIC) for you(SUPERIOR) we(BASIC)
My candle burns at both ends;
It will not last the night;
But ah, my foes, and oh, my friends--
It gives a lovely light!