I wrote Ghefatze' on holiday years ago because I wanted to play with a language that had a bunch of wet, mushy sounds. I'm normal.
joska, "to jump"
kalh, "to have"
epe'e, "to speak"
atze, "to drink"
|3rd person (single)||fɪt||fit||fet||fat|
|3rd person (plural)||fjɪt||fjit||fjet||fjat|
|3rd person (single)||fam||af|
|3rd person (plural)||fjem||afje|
- The present tense softens the initial consonant of the verb root.
- tz → s
- r → rr
- p/b → f
- d → t
- k → gh
- m/n → no change
- If the initial consonant is already soft (lh, j), no change.
- If there is no initial consonant, add lh- before the vowel.
- eg. kalh, "to have"; lhɪt ghalh, "I have"; lhit kalh, "I had"
(tt → ')
|past||lhɪt joskat, "I ran"|
|-be||distant past||lhɪt joskabe, "I ran a long time ago"|
|-gh||imperfect past||lhɪt joskagh, "I was running"|
|-ghebis||imperfect future||lhɪt joskaghebis, "I will be running"|
|-bis||future||lhɪt joskabis, "I will run"|
|-mis||distant future||lhɪt joskamis, "I will run in a long time"|
|-tze||hypothetical||lhɪt joskatze, "I could run"|
|conditional||lhɪt joskan, "I would run"|
- -m indicates a change of state to the noun
- ghefi, "bread"
- ghefim hɪt fjar, "I make bread"
- -od indicates a change of location to the noun
- ghefi, "bread"
- ghefod hɪt zhen, "I eat bread" (emphasising the bread is gone)
- These markers can be added to a pronoun by adding a- before the subject.
- lhɪt joskat, "I ran"
- a lhɪtod joskat, "I ran" (and went to a different place)
- Suffixes can reinforce the state of the phrase:
- -natze, "false, telling a narrative"
- -aft, "true, emphasis, reinforcement"
- fɪt joskaghenatze, "he was running" (telling a story)
- fɪt joskaghaft, "he was running" (emphasising the truth of this statement)
- fɪt joskaghenatzaft, "he was running" (telling a story that really happened)